Demand

Rohan Joshi and Srishti Kumar

This analysis uses information collected from the 71st NSSO survey on education (January to June 2014). The chapter studies the demographics of consumers in unaided private schools in India and their reasons for choosing to study in a private educational institution. It also presents data on education related...

Irfan Ahmed, Akshay Kohli, Senior Associate at FSG, Tom Blathwayt, Vikram Jain, Ashish Karamchandani

This chapter is based on insights from the Program to Improve Private Preschool Education (PIPE), a 6-year program (2015-2021) that aims to improve the quality of ECE in Affordable Private Schools that are currently serving low income urban households. The program uses financially sustainable models and is an FSG...

James Tooley

India is a leader in the low-cost private school revolution. The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) has catalogued the growing demand for private schooling amongst the rural population. From around a quarter of all children in the rural population enrolled in private schools in 2014, the figure is now nearly...

Supply

Geeta Gandhi Kingdon

This paper examines the factors contributing to the tremendous growth of private unaided schools in India, and its correlation with declining enrolment in government schools. Triangulating from multiple datasets, the study extrapolates enrolment and fee statistics to understand the surge in private schools in urban and...

Vyjayanthi Sankar

Large-scale assessment studies show that educational outcomes in BPS are slightly better than government schools, declining as one moves to higher classes. Recent data suggests that government schools are catching up, and it is therefore important for BPS to focus on quality of learning as their unique selling...

Kavita Anand and Spokey Wheeler

This essay draws on Adhyayan’s findings in 143 affordable private schools (APS) that reviewed themselves and agreed for their review to be validated. The essay argues that building a shared understanding of school quality across managements, administrators, parents, teachers and students is a precursor to sustained...

Ashok Thakur and Bhakti Patil

This essay looks at the case of Muni International School, an unaided private school in Uttam Nagar, West Delhi. The school provides an exemplary case in the conceptualisation and implementation of a mode of teaching and learning that addresses the persistent crisis of effective and consistent teacher capacity building...

Ekta Sodha

The essay documents the response of a chain of low-cost private schools in Gujarat to the challenge of making quality education affordable and equitable. It has done so by devising solutions to problems of budgetary constraints and up-skilling of staff, re-staffing and instituting a rigorous recruitment process,...

Ecosystem

Unnattee Eusebius, Vaibhav Kumar and James Townsend

This case study uses learnings from STIRs experience with BPS in Delhi to attempt to build a set of lessons or guidelines for effective engagement with teachers in the BPS sector. It outlines the challenges that typical BPS teachers and principals face, shares learning...

Neil D’Souza

The challenge of ensuring quality education in BPS through teacher development and investment in training highlights the issues of budgetary constraints and strikingly low teacher loyalty. This case study analyses the intervention of blended learning techniques in...

Prachi Windlass

This essay provides an overview of the service providers in the affordable education market from an investor’s perspective: the environment in which they operate, challenges faced by them and finally a couple of examples on organisations that are showing some early signs...

Brajesh Mishra

This essay analyses the potential funding models available to BPS, and the regulatory hurdles they face. It finds that the bottom up approach is the only way to address the issues of education in India and hence it is critical to empower school owners with the best...

Regulation

Kulbhushan Sharma and Amit Chandra

This essay outlines some of the major policy challenges faced by Budget Private Schools (BPS) in obtaining recognition, and goes on to show that most regulations are input based and do not focus on learning outcomes. The authors argue that input based regulations are unfair to BPS as these schools...

Manish Sabharwal

In this interview, Mr Sabharwal highlights some regulatory challenges faced by Budget Private Schools and outlines a more constructive approach to regulating the sector. He finds that current regulation focuses on inputs instead of learning outcomes, highlighting various deficiencies in the Right to...

Urvashi Sahni

In this interview, Ms Sahni emphasises that it is the government’s role to provide quality education to all children. She remarks that enrolment in BPS have decreased, as children have moved back to government schools as they have seen the quality of these schools improve. She also believes that PPPs...

Arvind Nagarajan

The current approach to regulation stifles innovation as BPS struggle to meet demanding infrastructure requirements with little government support, making it harder for them to improve quality of delivery. This essay looks at global examples of regulation, and finds that a more pragmatic approach to...

Aneela Salman

This piece explores the structure and role of Punjab Education Foundation (PEF), an autonomous statutory body established in 1991 and revitalised in 2004 to counter the crisis of illiteracy in Pakistan. PEF utilizes multi-pronged strategies such as Education Vouchers Scheme (EVS) and New Schools...

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