Separation of powers is one of the foremost principles of good governance. The idea behind Separation of Powers is that the rule-maker, rule-executor and adjudicator should be distinct from each other. Such a separation installs checks against conflicts of interest and abuse of power by regulatory authorities and increases institutional accountability for outcomes.
We need to separate the functions exercised in the governance of the school education sector of India, particularly at the state level. A state government's Education Department is responsible for the construction of schools, teacher hiring and management, distribution of funds for school activities and formulation of state-level education policy.
The blueprint identifies three key-problems with the current governance structure:
- Violation of natural justice;
- Ineffective performance monitoring and rule compliance; and
- Discriminatory laws for government and private schools.
To address these three problems, the blueprint proposes separating the functions of service-delivery, assessment of learning outcomes, and adjudication of disputes (from the state departments of education) into three independent bodies.